The purpose of this Policy is to assist employees, officers and directors throughout the Company, and all of our business partners, in identifying anti-bribery and corruption related issues and in understanding and complying with applicable anti-bribery and anti-corruption standards. This Policy is to be read in conjunction with the entirety of our anti-corruption compliance program policies and procedures. These policies and procedures include the Ethics Code, this Policy and the following supporting policies/procedures:
1.2 Commitment to Best Practices
We are committed to conducting our business with integrity and based upon ethical best practices and principles, including anti-bribery and anti-corruption compliance standards.
1.3 Zero Tolerance
The Company has zero tolerance for bribery and corruption. In addition to the need to follow the law, our rejection of bribery has important business benefits, including maintaining our corporate reputation and retaining the confidence of customers and third parties with whom we do business.
1.4 Public and Private Sectors
The prohibitions against bribery and corrupt conduct apply regardless of whether it takes place in the public sector or in the private sector. Bribery is illegal in both contexts. You must not engage in bribery (either giving or receiving things of value to gain an improper business advantage) in connection with any of the Company’s dealings or activities involving private or public companies, organizations or individuals. Particular care should be taken in dealings or activities involving Government or Public Officials (as defined below), but it is just as important to remember that private entities and individuals may also be the subject of bribery.
1.5 Numerous Jurisdictions
The Company is active in numerous markets and must comply with the anti-bribery and anti- corruption laws of many jurisdictions. These include:
And other anti-bribery and corruption laws throughout the world applicable in the countries in which we do business.
1.6 Consult Local Law
This Policy is meant to provide general principles and guidance with respect to anti-bribery and corruption related matters. While the POBO always applies to us, in some cases, the laws of the jurisdiction in which we do business might vary from what is included in this Policy. You should therefore also always consult and follow the applicable local laws.
The principles of this Policy apply Company-wide, including:
2.2 Third Parties
In addition, the Company will require, through contractual clauses, due diligence and training, that third parties who act on our behalf, including service providers, consultants, distributors, contractors, agents, representatives and suppliers, similarly abide by this Policy.
The following concepts are essential to understanding the scope of the prohibition on bribery and corrupt conduct. These concepts should be interpreted broadly.
Bribery – Bribery is defined in different ways under the laws of different countries. In general, and for the purposes of this Policy, it is the offering, promising, giving or receiving, “directly or indirectly”, of “anything of value” to or from any (i) private or public organization or (ii) individual (including any “Government or Public Official”), to derive an inappropriate “business or other advantage” for the Company. This includes the offering, promising, giving or receiving improperly of anything of value with the intent to induce a person to perform their duties in connection with the Company’s business. Bribery takes place the moment something of value is offered.
Corruption – Corruption is broadly defined. It includes the direct and indirect offer, promise, acceptance or solicitation in the conduct of the Company’s business of anything of value or advantage as an inducement for an action which is illegal or a breach of trust.
Directly or Indirectly – You are prohibited from engaging in bribery directly or indirectly (such as through a third party intermediary). You may not instruct, authorize or allow a third party to make or receive a bribe on your behalf. You may not make a payment or provide a benefit to a third party, or have a third party receive a payment or benefit, knowing or having reason to know that all or a portion of the payment or benefit may be used for the purpose of bribery.
Anything of Value – The thing of value is not subject to any minimum amount or threshold. Anything of value includes not only cash and cash equivalents, but also gifts, entertainment, accommodations, travel expenses, offers of employment and any other benefit of tangible or intangible value.
Government or Public Official – References to a Government or Public Official mean an individual who, regardless of position, paid or unpaid, is any of the following:
Business or Other Advantage -Business or other advantage includes obtaining new business or gaining any other advantage in connection with the Company’s activities, such as reduction in taxes, tolerance of non-compliance with applicable rules or other favors or preferential treatment.
Facilitation Payments – Facilitation or “grease” payments are small payments to a low- level Government or Public Official to expedite or secure performance of a routine, non- discretionary governmental action, such as obtaining utility services or clearing customs.
Supplier – A supplier means any company or organization or individual that provides goods and services to the Company. The definition of Supplier is to be interpreted broadly, and is meant to include subcontractors, service providers, agents, consultants and representatives.
The following principles serve as the basis of this Policy and should guide the conduct of all individuals associated with the Company:
4.1 We Commit to the Following:
We will have zero tolerance for offering, promising, paying or accepting any corrupt payment, benefit or inducement to any person, whether a Government or Public Official or an employee or agent of a customer, supplier or competitor.
We will maintain accurate books and records, in accordance with internal Company financial controls and related procedures and policies. No undisclosed or unrecorded fund or asset may be established or maintained for any purpose. No director, officer or employee will participate in falsifying any accounting or other business record. Every director, officer or employee will respond fully and truthfully to any questions from the Company’s internal and/or independent auditors.
We will conduct reasonable anti-corruption due diligence in connection with acquisitions, the formation of joint ventures and the engagement of third parties. We will not proceed with any transaction or engagement until any concerns or issues relating to corruption have been fully and satisfactorily addressed.
We will strongly encourage reporting, without fear of retaliation, of any known or suspected bribery or corrupt conduct.
We will investigate all reports of known or suspected corrupt activity perpetrated by any individual, either employed or in a business relationship with the Company.
4.2 We Must Never:
Make facilitation payments. Such payments are considered a form of corruption and are prohibited under the local laws of most countries and by the OECD Convention and the United Nations Convention Against Corruption. We must never offer a facilitation payment.
Engage in corrupt activities or activities that could reasonably give the appearance of corruption. We attempt to avoid situations creating the appearance of impropriety, including with respect to business entertainment, gifts, conflicts of interest, hiring and donations.
Engage in bribery. Company employees (including temporary and contract employees), officers and directors are prohibited from engaging, directly or indirectly, in bribery.
Allow third parties, including service providers, agents, consultants, brokers or distributors, to engage in bribery or corruption on our behalf.
Do business with other parties who are engaged in bribery or corruption.
Take retaliatory action towards employees who, in good faith, report suspected violations of the Ethics Code or this Policy. Allegations made in bad faith, however, will not be tolerated.
We recognize that, in some circumstances, one’s personal safety could be at risk. A payment to a Government or Public Official is permissible where there is a credible threat to the life, limb or liberty of the person being asked to make the payment. If such a situation arises, it must be reported to the applicable legal and compliance departments as soon as possible, and must be accurately recorded in the Company’s books and records to reflect the amount and purpose of the payment.
6.1 Obtaining Guidance
You are expected to be familiar with this Policy. If you are uncertain about whether a particular activity is improper, employees are encouraged to ask questions about this Policy and other compliance related issues. You should always feel free to direct any questions to your direct manager, the legal and compliance departments, or the Board of Directors.
The Company engages in various means of communication and training to make employees, officers and directors aware of this Policy. As part of our overall ethics training, all Company employees, officers and directors will be provided training regarding anti-bribery and corruption upon their joining the Company. In addition, focused ethics and anti-bribery and corruption training will be provided periodically to applicable professional functions. Also, the Company will make third parties with whom it conducts business aware of this Policy and, where appropriate, will provide in-person training.
Offering gifts, business and other hospitality is an ordinary part of doing business, but it is also an area with significant potential for corrupt conduct. It is the policy of the Company never to offer gifts, business entertainment, hospitality or other personal benefits for improper purposes or as a means to induce someone to act for the benefit of the Company. Moreover, particular care must be exercised with respect to Government or Public Officials. Very often, legal and legitimate hospitality can be interpreted as a bribe, and the difference is hard to define in the abstract.
7.2 Local Regulations
You must be aware that any general monetary threshold established by the Company may exceed what is legal in a particular jurisdiction. Therefore, you must always consult the local laws and regulations of the jurisdiction in which you are doing business.
8.1 Political Donations
The Company’s policy is not to make political donations on its behalf. Directors, officers and employees may choose to make political donations from their own resources, but not with a view to influence a third party for the benefit of the Company or in any way that might give the impression that such influence was intended.
8.2 Charitable Donations
The Company may make reasonable donations to charities from Company funds, subject to receipt of approvals specified in internal policies. The Company must be certain that such charitable donations cannot be viewed as an attempt to buy influence for its benefit or in any other way as being improper and that such donations are not disguised unlawful payments to private individuals or Government or Public Officials in violation of anti-corruption laws. Accordingly, prior to making any charitable contribution, we must take care, including doing due diligence, to verify that the recipient charity is legitimate and that there is no apparent risk that any donation will be diverted to other beneficiaries.
The Company could be held liable for the conduct of third parties acting on our behalf. Further, when acquiring another company or business we run the risk of reputational damage and financial consequences related to any pre-acquisition conduct and, of course, any conduct that continues once it is acquired by us. Accordingly, prior to proceeding with the engagement of a third party service provider, formation of a joint venture/teaming arrangement or acquisition of another company, the Company will conduct thorough due diligence on all relevant parties, including service providers, consultants, agents and representatives, subcontractors, suppliers, potential teaming/joint venture partners and acquisition targets. To provide more guidance on our due diligence procedures, the Company has adopted a Procedure on Anti-Bribery and Corruption Due Diligence.
10.1 Reporting Illegal or Unethical Behavior
The Company encourages all employees to speak up and raise concerns. Raising concerns is a critical step so that we can identify and react to misconduct and protect ourselves from negative consequences. Every employee, officer and director has a duty to report any potential violations of this Policy. While full transparent reporting enables us to conduct a more effective investigation, if the employee wishes, a report may be submitted anonymously. For more information on reporting suspected violations, please refer to the Whistleblower and Investigations Procedure.
Because of the potentially severe consequences for companies and individuals who engage in bribery and corruption, the Company will investigate all credible allegations of such misconduct. We will take all concerns raised in good faith seriously, and we will investigate suspected misconduct fairly, consistently, confidentially and consistent with the Whistleblower and Investigations Procedure. All directors, officers and employees of the Company are required to cooperate in such investigations, including providing access to data and devices used in the course of the Company’s business.
10.3 Commitment to Non-Retaliation
No employee who makes a good faith report concerning potential misconduct based on his or her personal knowledge or who cooperates with an internal or external investigation into such potential misconduct will suffer any adverse work-related consequences, provided that such employee has not himself or herself acted improperly.
11.1 What is a Red Flag?
“Red Flags” are facts or circumstances that raise a concern that a particular transaction, relationship or engagement involves a risk of bribery or corruption. A Red Flag is not definitive evidence of corruption but it requires that we conduct an inquiry to understand whether: (i) there are legitimate and credible explanations, (ii) there is no apparent legitimate explanation or (iii) the risk of corruption is confirmed and substantiated.
11.2 Identifying and Following-Up Red Flags
In all dealings with potential or current consultants or representatives, our customers or other third parties, Company directors, officers and employees must be conscious of any Red Flags that may be present or arise that suggest possible violations of anti-bribery and corruption standards. When a Red Flag is identified you must be sensitive to the risk of corruption it presents. It must be followed up and appropriate steps be taken to prevent the Company being implicated in bribery or corruption, including possible termination of the third party relationship or walking away from an acquisition, joint venture or business opportunity. In the context of acquisitions, teaming/joint ventures and third party service providers, the Company has adopted specific due diligence processes specifically designed to detect and address Red Flags. See the Procedure on Anti-Bribery and Corruption Due Diligence.
The following are examples that may suggest potential breaches of this Policy or represent common areas of corruption compliance risks. If you become aware or suspicious of any Red Flags, including the following circumstances, you must immediately raise the issue with the Legal Department or the Board of Directors. Please note that the following list of Red Flags is not exhaustive.
11.4 Reporting Red Flags
It is the responsibility of the employee who observes or suspects a Red Flag to report the matter to his or her supervisor as well as the Legal Department or the Board of Directors. Remember — if in doubt – consult.
Failure to comply with this Policy may result in significant civil and criminal penalties against the Company and the individuals involved and is grounds for disciplinary action against such individuals, including the potential termination of employment.
The Board of Directors (or his/her designee), with the assistance of members of the Legal and Compliance Departments, will periodically assess the effectiveness of this Policy. These findings will be reported periodically to the Audit Committee and to the Board of Directors as a whole.